Diabetes Causes, Symptoms, Types, And Treatment

Diabetes Causes, Symptoms, Types, And Treatment

January 12, 2019 1 By Ashutosh

In today’s daily hectic life we are so busy in earning money, that, we forget to think about our health. After the age of 30 many of us start suffering from so many diseases. Diabetes is one of them. Here we are going to discuss diabetes causes, symptoms, types and treatment.

“In a simple way, we can say that diabetes is a type of disease in which glucose level increase in blood and urine.”

What Is diabetes?

Diabetes is a type of disorder that happens because of the high level of sugar or glucose in your blood. Blood sugar is the main source of energy in your body. which come from the food which you take. Insulin is a hormone which makes by the pancreas, it helps glucose to get into your cells from food to be used for energy.

sometimes it happens that your body is unable to make enough insulin in this situation glucose stays in your blood and doesn’t reach your blood. With the long run of glucose collection in the blood is causes diabetes.  

Diabetes is also called “touch of sugar” or “borderline of sugar.” with this terms people think that he has really not diabetes. But keep in mind that, any case of diabetes is a serious issue.

Types of diabetes

Diabetes is generally divided into two types, type-1, and type-2. That is the most common form of diabetes. But there are also other kinds Like gestational diabetes, monogenic diabetes (an inherited form of diabetes) and cystic fibrosis-related diabetes.

Let’s discuss in brief about these types of diseases

Type-1 diabetes

Type -1 is a more serious form of diabetes. it is also called insulin-dependent diabetes. This one is usually developed in children and teenagers. so, most of the time it is also called “juvenile” diabetes. Even it can be developed at any age.

Type-1 diabetes

In this kind of diabetes, your body is unable to make insulin. Your immune system hits and kills the cells in your pancreas that form insulin. People with type-1 diabetes have to take insulin to maintain their sugar level.    

Treatment of type-1 diabetes

So, a man with type 1 diabetes treats the disorder by taking insulin injections. This external source of insulin now works as the “key” — delivering glucose to the body’s cells. Some home remedies for diabetes are also helping you to control blood sugar.

The difficulty with this treatment is that it’s usually not tolerable to know exactly how much insulin to use. The amount is based on several factors, including:

  • Food
  • Exercise
  • Stress
  • Emotions and general health

Effects of taking an undecided dose of insulin

These factors vary considerably during every day. So, judging on what dose of insulin to take is a complex balancing act.  

If you take over, then your body burns too much glucose — and your blood sugar can fall to a seriously low level. This is a situation called hypoglycemia, which, if untreated, may be life-threatening.  

If you take too little insulin, your body can again kill off the energy it needs, and your blood sugar can increase to a severely high level — a situation called hyperglycemia. This also raises the chance of long-term difficulties.

Type 2 diabetes

This type of diabetes is most common, it can be developed in any stage of life even in childhood. Mostly it can happen in middle-aged and older people. In this type, your body does not make enough insulin.  

Type-2 Diabetes

If you are suffering from type 2 diabetes, your body not able to make or use insulin well. You can be stuck with type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. However, this kind of diabetes mostly occurs in middle-aged and older people. It is a very common type of diabetes.

Treatment of type 2 diabetes

Treatment concentrates on diet and exercise. If blood sugar levels are yet high, oral medications use to heal the body use its own insulin more efficiently. In some cases, insulin injections require. You can also try some yoga for diabetes which helps you to control your diabetes.

Type-1 diabetes causes

In type-1 diabetes condition your immune system — which commonly struggles harmful bacteria or diseases — attacks and kills your insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This leaves you with few or no insulin. Rather of being brought into your cells, sugar builds up in your bloodstream.

it thinks that type-1 diabetes develops, because of the combination of genetic susceptibility and environmental factors. we can not consider that, weight is the reason for type 1 diabetes.

These are some type-1 diabetes causes which are discussed above.

Type-2 diabetes causes

your cells become repellent to the effect of insulin, and your pancreas is incapable to make enough insulin to overcome this resistance. Rather of moving into your cells where it needs for energy, sugar builds up in your bloodstream.

Accurately why this happens undecided, although it believes that genetic and environmental factors play a role in the development of type 2 diabetes too. Overweight is playing an important role in the development of type 2 diabetes, but not everyone with type 2 is overweight.

These are some type-1 diabetes causes which are discussed above.

Risk Factors For Diabetes

Risk factors for diabetes depend on the types of diabetes and It causes. Below mentioned the many kinds of risk factors.

Risk factors for type 1 diabetes:

However, the correct cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown and undefined. These factors that may signal or sign increased risk factors include:

  • Family history problem.
  • Environmental risk factors.
  • The presence of damaging immune system cells problems.
  • Geography problem.

Risk factors for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes:

Researchers don’t fully understand why some people grow prediabetes. But type 2 diabetes and others don’t grow. It’s clear about that signal or significantly increased risk factors include:

  • Heavyweight.
  • Inactivity in a body.
  • Family history problem.
  • Gestational diabetes problem.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome.
  • High blood pressure the reason for diabetes.
  • Abnormal cholesterol and triglyceride levels generate a problem.

Symptoms of diabetes

I think now you are curious to know the symptoms of diabetes. So, here we are going to discuss some early symptoms of diabetes if you have any doubt and you find any symptom in you then go and check your diabetes. Nowadays so many machines are available in the market which helps you to check your sugar at home.

  • Fatigue
  • Unexpected weight loss
  • Would take a long time to heal
  • Frequent urination
  • Excessive hunger and thirst
  • Weakness
  • Tingling in hand and leg

What is insipidus for diabetes patients?

Diabetes insipidus is a very critical condition in which there is a problem with the production of antidiuretic hormone. ADH(antidiuretic hormone), also calls vasopressin. It controls the amount of water the kidneys release in the urine outside. Antidiuretic hormone store in the pituitary gland. It located behind the connection of the nose.

Who’re Patients with diabetes insipidus have high amounts of urine include. Because of this inability to control the amounts of water in the urine and body. Most cases of diabetes insipidus happen because there aren’t enough ADH or kidneys are not responding properly or quickly to ADH.

When is dehydrating or losing blood pressure than the body produces more ADH? The increase in ADH kidneys to hold onto more water instead of releasing it is for urine.

For example, if a person has no diabetes insipidus were in the desert with no access to water. He would produce or gain more ADH hormone and hold more water from the urine. If a person has diabetes insipidus would continue to urinate the water follow and body would become dehydrated.

There we define the difference between diabetes insipidus and other conditions. Those associated with an increase in urination. Like that high blood sugar and urinary tract infections or factors.

Conclusion

After all the above discussion we can say that in today’s life- diabetes becomes a very common problem. With a healthy daily routine, good diet intake and little exercise, we can manage the level of sugar in our body. Our uneven daily routine and unhealthy die intake also diabetes causes. In some case, hereditary factors are also including in diabetes causes.